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Tuesday, April 24, 2012

Health News: Women's Life Expectancy Growth Slow Tuổi thọ của phụ nữ thọ tăng trưởng chậm.



Women's Life Expectancy Growth

Tuổi thọ của phụ nữ thọ tăng chậm
BY STEVEN SPARKMAN
STEVEN SPARKMAN


A new study says the gender gap in life expectancy is getting smaller. But while men might celebrate catching up to women, CNN explains the research has some troubling finds — women’s life expectancy gains are actually slowing down, and, in some areas, reversing.

Một nghiên cứu mới đây cho thấy chênh lệch về tuổi thọ theo giới tính ngày càng rút ngắn. Tuy nhiên trong khi nam giới có thể vui mừng bắt kịp nữ giới, thì theo CNN giải thích, nghiên cứu có một số phát hiện gây tranh cãi  - rằng tăng tuổi thọ của nữ giới  đang thực sự chậm lại, và thậm chí ở một số khu vực, còn giảm tuổi thọ.

“The study says huge parts of Oklahoma, Tennessee and Georgia saw a decline in life expectancy between 1989 and 2009. … Women are less likely to be treated for high blood pressure or high cholesterol there.”
Nghiên cứu này cho biết một số vùng ở Oklahoma, Tennessee and Georgia đã chứng kiến một sự sụt giảm tuổi thọ vào thời điểm giữa những năm 1989 và 2009. Nữ giới ít có khả năng được điều trị các bệnh cao huyết áp hoặc cholesterol cao ở những vùng này.

The study cited heart disease, long thought to be mostly a problem for men, as the biggest factor. Symptoms and medications are modeled after studies on men. A women’s issues blogger for The Mary Sue says that’s a dangerous oversight.

Nghiên cứu đưa ra dẫn chứng về bệnh tim, mà từ lâu vốn được cho là vấn đề lớn nhất đối với nam giới. Triệu chứng và các loại thuốc được mô hình hóa sau khi một số nghiên cứu về vấn đề này ở nam giới. Một blogger viết về các vấn đề phụ nữ nói với tờ The Mary Sue đó là một sai sót nghiêm trọng.

“Heart disease also affects women differently, even worse, than it does men, especially when women are smokers … Women are also more likely to die of a heart attack if they suffer one than men are. Clearly, even more attention needs to be paid to women and heart disease...”

Mức độ ảnh hưởng của bệnh tim đến nữ giới rất khác biệt, thậm chí là nguy hiểm hơn so với nam giới, đặc biệt khi nữ giới hút thuốc lá… Nữ giới dễ tử vong do suy tim hơn nam giới. Rõ ràng, cần quan tâm nhiều hơn đến nữ giới và bệnh tim mạch.

The researchers say the good news is that most of the changes can be reversed. A Fox News contributor explains — the problems slowing women down are preventable.

Các nhà nghiên cứu cho biết một tin tốt lành là hầu hết những thay đổi này đều có thể đảo ngược. Một cộng tác viên của tờ Fox News giải thích: những vấn đề gây trở ngại cho nữ giới là có thể ngăn ngừa được.

“But the amazing thing about it is that it’s all about lifestyle. It’s all about cholesterol, it’s all about being overweight, it’s all about smoking, it’s all about getting exercise.”

Điều đáng ngạc nhiên là tất cả đều xoay quanh lối sống. Tất cả chung quy lại là cholesterol, thừa cân, hút thuốc lá và tập thể dục".


The researchers said with proper education about healthy diet and lifestyle, life expectancy gains for men and women should level out. But a humor columnist for NewJerseyNewsroom.com says — the benefits of a healthy lifestyle are news to nobody.

Các nhà nghiên cứu cho biết hệ thống giáo dục tốt về chế độ ăn và lối sống lành mạnh giúp cho sinh vọng (tuổi thọ dự đoán) của đàn ông cũng như phụ nữ tăng nhưng một nhà báo hài hước của trang Newjerseynewsromm.com lại nói lợi ích của một lối sống lành mạnh không còn xa lạ gì với tất cả mọi người.

“Is there a single U.S. citizen over the age of 15 that doesn’t know she should not smoke, that she should get regular exercise, and that eating too much and being overweight is bad for you? Believe me, we’ve heard the message! We’re just too stressed out to obey the message. In fact, you are stressing me out by continuing to repeat the message!”

Có công dân Mĩ nào lớn hơn 15 tuổi mà không biết rằng hút thuốc là không nên, rằng nên tập thể dục thường xuyên, và rằng ăn quá nhiều và thừa cân là có hại? Cứ tin tôi đi, chúng ta từng nghe thấy thông điệp đó rồi. Chúng ta đã quá căng thẳng nên không làm theo thông điệp đó. Thực tế thì các bạn đang làm tôi căng thẳng bằng việc tiếp tục lặp đi lặp lại thông điệp đó".


Translated by Bùi Quốc Bảo Thành, Y2E


Health News: Scientists Study Migraines by Cracking Brain Freeze Mystery - Các nhà khoa học nghiên cứu bệnh Migratnes bằng cách giải mã bí mật chứng đông não

BY STEVEN SPARKMAN

Scientists say they’ve figured out a mysterious ailment that’s plagued most of us since our first slushie — brain freeze. HLN has more.
“Well now scientists say they know what causes it. They say brain freeze happens when a lot more blood flows through a certain artery that’s behind your eyes.”
The research wasn’t just to solve the mystery of what causes brain freeze. There’s a more serious application — the researchers hope to gain insight into migraines, which affect more than 30 million Americans. LiveScience explains.
“Previous studies have found that migraine sufferers are actually more likely to get brain freeze than people who don't get migraines. Because of this, the researchers thought the two might share some kind of common mechanism or cause, so they decided to use brain freeze to study migraines.”
As common as migraines are, it’s actually tough to study them directly. Researchers can wait until a subject has a migraine then bring them to the lab, or they can induce a migraine with drugs. An American Physiological Society press release says both of those methods have a downside.
“Pharmacological agents can induce other effects that can make research results misleading …  and since researchers can’t wait for migraine sufferers to experience a migraine in the lab, those studies miss the crucial period of headache formation that occurs sometimes hours before scientists were able to study these patients.”
So researchers decided to use brain freeze as a stand-in. They had subjects drink cold water through a straw aimed at the roofs of their mouths, monitoring blood flow in their heads the whole time. They saw a main artery flood the brain with blood as the brain freeze set in.
A Washington Post blogger explains what that might mean.
“...in response to the sensation of severe cold, the body floods the brain with warm blood to keep that vital organ operating. But because the brain is stuck inside an inflexible skull, the flood of blood might increase pressure, which likely hurts.”
The researchers say that same artery could play a role in other headaches, and drugs that constrict arteries might alleviate migraines. But not everyone is convinced. ABC spoke to other specialists who say more research is needed.
“...experts not involved in the study argued that the majority of headaches are not caused by alterations in blood flow. Migraine, for example, is widely considered to be a brain disorder, not a blood vessel disorder. While the study may be a great model for ice cream headaches … it's too big a leap to tie the findings to other types of headaches.”
So the research may or may not help treat migraines, but at least the next time you get an ice cream headache, remember — it’s just your body protecting your brain. That’s some comfort, right?
 

U.S. News: Police Still on the Hunt for Missing 6-Year-Old Isabel Celis - Cảnh sát đang tìm kiếm bé Celis 6 tuổi mất tích.



U.S. News: Police Still on the Hunt for Missing 6-Year-Old Isabel Celis - Cảnh sát đang tìm kiếm bé Celis 6 tuổi mất tích.
BY STEVEN SPARKMAN

Vanished in the middle of the night. That’s what the family of missing first grader Isabel Celis says about her disappearance from the family home over the weekend.
Fox News has details on the search.
“Well, over the weekend, more than 150 law enforcement agents including the FBI using the dogs that you’ve seen there in the video and also helicopters are searching for Isabel and they’ll be out again this morning...”
Police continue to focus the search on the family home, looking for evidence of a break in. The police chief told CNN, they found a possible entry point.
“We have a window that was open and a screen removed. We’re labelling it as suspicious circumstances and a possible abduction, mainly so that we keep all possibilities open.”
But police still aren’t ready to consider Isabel’s disappearance a crime.
They questioned registered sex offenders in the area, but police tell ABC News, they don’t want to limit the investigation.
“Is this a kidnapping case?”
“We’re just not prepared to say this is a kidnapping or abduction at this point because there’s a lot of investigating to be done.”
The case was initially classified as a missing persons case. It was thought Isabel might have wandered off on her own and gotten lost.
But as the extensive search continues, authorities say that’s less and less likely. CBS reports the family fears the worst.
“The family fears Isabel may have been abducted in the same manner as Elizabeth Smart. She was 14 when she was snatched from her bedroom in the middle of the night. Smart was found alive nine months later.”
The community is supporting the family, putting up fliers and posters to help with the search. More than 200 people attended a candlelight vigil for Isabel Sunday night in a nearby parking lot.

World News: North Korea Threatens 'Special Actions' Against South Korea - Bắc Triều Tiên dọa có hành động đặc biệt với Hàn Quốc




World News: North Korea Threatens 'Special Actions' Against South Korea - Bắc Triều Tiên dọa có hành động đặc biệt với Hàn Quốc
BY ZAKIYYAH WAHAB
Violent rhetoric between North and South Korea is a regular feature of political life on the Korean peninsula. But the latest threat by North Korea to turn parts of the South to ashes has even long-time Korea watchers taken aback. The BBC has more.
“…the statement carried by the state news agency gave a detailed information about an attack it said it would soon carry out… it has North Korean soldiers shouting the word ‘kill’ and attacking effigies of the South Korean president.”
The statement targets South Korean President Lee Myung-Bak and the some members of the media in the South. According to ABC News, the statement said the military attack will use...
“...‘unprecedented peculiar means and methods[‘]...[and] all will be reduced to ashes in three to four minutes...[involving] ‘form of fire’.”
Analysts in Seoul have mixed reactions towards the threat, but the Voice of America suggests the threat should not be taken lightly, noting the newscaster made the announcement by...
“...interrupting regular programming on North Korea’s central television station early Monday afternoon, forcefully [reading] an unusual announcement from a unit of the army’s supreme command.”
CNN says the threat could be due to the South Korean military’s announcement of a cruise missile capable of striking any site in North Korean territory.
The Christian Science Monitor says the threat comes at a time when the U.S. and South Korean forces are concerned about the stability of the North Korean leadership.
“One overriding question...is how to assess the role of the country’s new leader Kim Jong-un, how much power he really wields over his generals and how he’s likely to want to lead North Korea.”
Analysts tell the New York Times, the North’s threat might be recently appointed Premier Kim Jong-Un’s attempt to solidify power, including...
“...a military provocation as part of its effort to establish Mr. Kim’s authority at home and boost his negotiating leverage with the United States...”
The threat increases tension between the North and South, but according to Thestar.com, a South Korean Defense Ministry official says no special military movement had been observed in the North.

Woman Offers Kidney to Help Boss, Then Gets Fired - Hiến thận cho chủ để được sa thải



U.S. News: Woman Offers Kidney to Help Boss, Then Gets Fired - Hiến thận cho chủ để được sa thải
BY CARISSA LOETHEN


Long Island, New York mom Debbie Stevens is angry and taking action against her former boss.  This all comes after she says she gave up her kidney more than a year ago to help her boss Jackie Brucia; she was then fired by Brucia shortly afterward. 
The New York Post says here’s how it all began...
“While Stevens was a close health match for Brucia, she wasn’t a perfect one. So the doctors agreed to allow Stevens to donate her left kidney to someone else in the transplant group so that Brucia could move up the waiting list and get her organ from someone else.”
That’s when the trouble began for Debbie Stevens who was working for the Atlantic Automotive Group.
“She says that after the surgery she skipped out on work for a bit because she wasn’t feeling well. Well, her boss says that is not allowed--and gave her the boot!”
Buzz: 60 says Stevens claims her boss was pressuring her to get back to work before she was ready, but that’s not all.
“Before Stevens was let go, she claims Brucia would parade her in front of coworkers, took away her overtime and transferred her to another dealership 50 miles from her house.”
Stevens is asking the state of New York for help. The Daily Mail reports...
“Stevens has now filed a legal complaint at the Human Rights Commission in New York claiming that the woman used her and then fired her ... Stevens' lawyer, Lenard Leeds, said he will file a discrimination suit against the company and would seek millions of dollars in compensation.”
And while kidney recipient Jackie Brucia hasn’t had much to say publicly about the situation, she did speak to WINS about it. 
“I will always be very grateful that she gave me a kidney. I have nothing bad to say about her.’”
Stevens told WCBS this whole experience has ruined her life.
“Part of me was taken away I cry alot. She broke your heart. She did break my heart.  Stevens says she sometimes wishes she could get her kidney back. I was used.”