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Sunday, July 10, 2011

World's Smallest-Nhỏ nhất thế giới

World's Smallest-Nhỏ nhất thế giới

World's Smallest Man

World's Smallest Man
Colombian Edward Nino Hernandez is in many ways a typical 24-year-old Colombian male. He loves to dance reggaeton, he dreams of owning a car - preferably a Mercedes- and he wants to see the world. What sets Nino apart is his size. He is slightly taller than a piece of carry-on luggage and weighs just 22 pounds (10 kilograms).

Nino has just been officially certified as the world's shortest living man by the Guinness World Records, measuring 27 inches (70 centimeters). The previous titleholder was He Pingping of China, who was 1.5 inches (4 centimeters) taller and died on March 13, 2010. The Guinness people discovered Nino afterwards.



Nino has earned some cash dancing at department stores and is now acting in a film in which he plays - What else? This is Colombia - a pint-sized drug thug.



World's Smallest Living Baby

World's Smallest Living Baby
She was 9 in long when she was born and weighed under 8 oz, about the weight of a fizzy drink can or a mobile phone. She made her parents cry, lying there all wrinkly, hooked up to the wires and the oxygen, dwarfed by her incubator and less than half the size of her twin. But Rumaisa Rahman, born 14 weeks early, battled for life and claimed her place in the record books as the smallest baby known to survive. She and her sister, Hiba, who weighed just 1lb 4oz at birth but is now a healthy 5lb, were delivered on September 19, 2004 by Caesarean section near Chicago. Doctors took the agonizing decision to deliver them at just twenty-five weeks and six days because their mother was suffering from such high blood pressure that her life, and the life of the twins she was carrying, were at risk. The gamble paid off. Rumaisa, broke a 15-year-old record set by a baby at the same hospital whose birth weight was just under 10 oz.


World's Smallest Horse

World's Smallest Horse
Meet Einstein, the world's smallest horse who weighs less than a newborn baby. This pint-sized stallion could be a record breaker as the world's smallest foal. At the age of three months, the old pinto stallion, called Einstein, was just 14 inches high and weighed only an incredible 6 lbs. The diminutive horse was born in Barnstead, New Hampshire, at Tiz Miniature Horse Farm. His tiny proportions may be more suitable for a human baby, but they are tiny for a horse, even a miniature breed like Einstein. Dr Rachel Wagner, Einstein's co-owner, claims the Guinness Book of Records lists the smallest newborn horse as weighing just 9 lbs. Breeders say that unlike the current record holder, Thumbelina, Einstein shows no signs of dwarfism - he is just a tiny horse.



World's Smallest School

World's Smallest School
Unesco has dubbed it the smallest school in the world, but to Abdol-Mohammad Sherani — a young soldier-turned-teacher in the small southern Iranian town of Kalou — it presented the biggest challenge of his young life. Sherani, 23, is the principal of the Kalou school — student population, four. He's also the sole teacher, and the secretary, the librarian and the janitor, as well as being a fundraiser and drill sergeant of sorts. Sherani began teaching at the school, which services a tiny village of seven families totaling 35 people, after completing a two-year mandatory military service. As part of their service, the Iranian government sends soldiers to small, underprivileged areas to serve its community in different ways. Depending on the service needed, some soldiers become teachers, others work in health clinics, or oversee farming activities.


World's Smallest Park

World's Smallest Park
The smallest park in the world is Mill Ends Park in Portland, Oregon. You're looking at it: 452 square inches, barely two feet across. The nearby Forest Park is 60 million times as big. Mill Ends started in 1948, when Oregon Journal journalist Dick Fagan noticed a forgotten hole outside his office on Front Street. He planted flowers and began to write a weekly column about goings-on there, including “the only leprechaun colony west of Ireland.” When Fagan died in 1969, Portland took up the tradition, dedicating Mill Ends as an official city park in 1976. Today it has a swimming pool for butterflies (with diving board), a miniature Ferris wheel, and statues. It hosts snail races, weddings, and regular rose plantings. You don't need a large lot if the location's good.


World's Smallest Bodybuilder

World's Smallest Bodybuilder
Meet Aditya "Romeo" Dev, who at just 2 ft 9 in. (0.84 m) is the world's smallest bodybuilder. Pint-sized Romeo is well-known in his hometown of Phagwara, India – for his ability to lift 1.5 kg dumbbells – despite his overall 9 kg body weight. Every day, crowds flock to the local gym to see the mini-muscleman in training. While most dwarfs have large heads compared to their bodies, Romeo is perfectly proportioned, and despite his diminutive stature has triceps, biceps, calves and thighs that would make many full-grown man blush. He was recognized by the Guinness Book of Records in 2006 following three months of intense exercise.


World's Smallest Prison

World's Smallest Prison
Sark Prison is located along the lines of Sark, one of the Channel Islands. It was built in 1856 and is apparently the smallest in the world. It can house 2 prisoners at a push and is still used for overnight stays - if you continue to play up after that you'll get shipped off to a proper grown-up jail with corridors and staff.


World's Smallest House

World's Smallest House
Jay Shafer is the creator and resident of the smallest house in the world, which he has proudly named Tumbleweed. Jay is an artist and architect and lives in his home near San Francisco. He sells plans and builds tiny homes in sizes ranging from an extremely small 50 square feet to a practically roomy 500 square feet. Jay has been living in a house smaller than some people's closets since 1997. Jay's decision to inhabit just 96 square feet arose from his concerns he had about the impact a larger house would have on the environment, and because he does not want to maintain a lot of unused or unusable space.


World's Smallest Poisonous Frog

World's Smallest Poisonous Frog
He is less than a centimeter long and is gripping for all its worth to the tip of a pencil. But don't be fooled by the size of this baby ‘poison dart' frog, its skin is 200 times more toxic than morphine. The frogs, among the most poisonous amphibians on the planet, are found only in the wild on the western slopes of the Andes in Ecuador, South America. But now dozens of the rare species have been bred at the Blue Reef Aquarium in Portsmouth, Hampshire. When adult, they turn bright red with three usually greenish



World's Smallest Gun

World's Smallest Gun
Leave it to the Swiss to make the world's smallest Colt Python revolver that can shoot real, but very tiny bullets.


World's Largest - Những cái lớn nhất thế giới

World's Largest - Những cái lớn nhất thế giới

World's Largest Serving Of Fried Chicken

World's Largest Serving Of Fried Chicken


Kentucky Fried Chicken, a unit of Yum! Brands, Inc. served 2,493.35 lbs. of fried chicken to the citizens of Louisville – setting the new world record for the Largest serving of fried chicken during the celebration of KFC's 70th anniversary of its Original Recipe of 11 herbs and spices.


World's Largest Natural Breasts

World's   Largest Natural Breasts
Norma Stitz, real name Annie Hawkins -Turner, was born in Atlanta, Georgia. She attended Jackson State University and got a BSW (Bachelor of Social Work). Norma began sending in pictures to publications in the early 1990's and there were finally published in 1994. Treated mainly as a curiousity, the magazines soon learned that there are many men out there that really do love big breasts like this and she began appearing in more mags. By 1997 she was also making her own movies as well.

In 1999, the Guinness World Records declared Norma as having the Biggest Natural Breasts in the world and also the owner of the largest bra. Her measurements at the time were 70-48-52". Her bra size was 48V. Each breast weighed 28 pounds and she weighed 270. Since then her breasts have grown up to 72ZZZ and she tops the scale at 345 pounds. (Link)


World's Largest Chocolate Bar

World's Largest Chocolate Bar
It is a chocolate lover's dream. Armenian company Grand Candy unveiled the world's largest ever -chocolate bar — a 10-inch-thick slab weighing in at 9,720 pounds and measuring 18.4 feet by 9-feet. In a televised ceremony, representatives of Guinness World Records measured the dark-chocolate bar and handed a document to company managers certifying it as the new record-holder.


World's Largest Arthropod

World's Largest Arthropod
Hail Crabzilla!

The Japanese Spider Crab is the biggest arthropod on Earth--their legs are believed to grow up to 12 feet long. But since they live at such great depths (typically 1,000 feet down or so) a full grown spider crab has yet to be caught. So for now, we'll have to make due with the 5 foot long Crabzilla (that's what it's called--I didn't make it up!), one of the largest known crabs in the planet.


World's Largest Hand

World's Largest Hand
24-year-old macrodactyly patient Liu Hua, from Jiangsu, China, was recognized in 2007 as the man with the world's largest hand. He was born with a left thumb, index and middle finger much larger than normal, which grew dramatically together with his arm as he grew older and has had a serious impact on his work and day-to-day life.

When Liu was hospitalized in Shanghai in July 2007, his left thumb measured 26 centimeters, his index finger was 30cm and his middle finger 15cm. The overall weight of his left arm was about 10 kilograms. Surgeons ended up making a seven-hour operation to reduce the size of Liu's fingers and thumb, removing 5.1kg of flesh and bone in the procedure.


World's Largest iPod

World's Largest iPod
This 25 ft. iPod is attached to the side of the Unizan Bank building across from the State house at Third St in Columbus, Ohio. Not only does it look like an iPod, but it actually plays music. The gadget was created for Columbus Alive, a weekly entertainment magazine and website serving central Ohio with fresh, fun coverage of the music, arts, food and nightlife that makes Columbus, Ohio, tick! We chose some of our favorite local musicians that had submitted songs to the online jukebox and we added them to the iPod playlist, Columbus Alive report.


World's Largest Human Rainbow

World's Largest Human Rainbow
On September 18, 2004, over 31,000 students, faculty, staff and alumni of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines broke the record previously held by the Maltese. They used the human rainbow to celebrate the university's centennial, which was from 1904 to 2004, and to highlight the signing of the Declaration of Peace which will be submitted to the United Nations.

This beat the previous effort of 2003, when 11,750 individuals assembled in Floriana, Malta, to break the record.


World's Largest Goldfish

World's Largest Goldfish
It might look like an enormously generous fairground prize. But no goldfish bowl in the world could contain this catch. The orange koi carp weighs 30lb – the same as an average three-year-old girl – and is thought to be one of the largest of its kind ever captured.


World's Largest Mosaic

World's Largest Mosaic
Two brothers revealed a painstaking reconstruction of Britain's largest Roman mosaic that took them ten years to complete. Bob and John Woodward used 1.6million tiny pieces to produce their copy of the Orpheus pavement. Now the 47ft square pavement is being auctioned and it is expected to fetch £25,000. The mosaic depicts the ancient Greek music master Orpheus and lyre resting on his left knee, his hunting dog alongside him and a myriad of beasts all around him. The work is on display at Prinknash Abbey, near Stroud, but the lease has come to an end and its owner - who does not wish to be identified - has decided to sell. Iona Sale, who is publicizing the event for auctioneers Chorley's, said it had been challenging putting an estimated sale price on the mosaic - because no-one had ever attempted such a feat before.


World's Largest Sand Carpet

World's Largest Sand Carpet


When one thinks of sand art, sand castles are what often comes to mind, but Tibetan Buddhist monks have long designed magnificent mandalas out of colored sand, for which Iranian artists have put a new spin to — famous for their traditional Persian rugs, a group of artists have taken it to a whole new level by creating the world's largest sand carpet. The unique 39,370.078 square foot (12,000 sq. meter) world record carpet was created by 25 visual artists made entirely of 70 types of colorful sand found on the country's southern island seashores of Hormuz, widely known for its red soil, to create the ‘Persian Gulf' sand carpet.

8 Month Old Deaf Baby’s Reaction To Cochlear Implant Being Activated-Bé 8 tháng tuổi bị điếc nghe được khi đeo trợ tính


8 Month Old Deaf Baby’s Reaction To Cochlear Implant Being Activated - Bé 8 tháng tuổi bị điếc nghe được khi đeo trợ tính Cochlear Implant

This 8 month old baby was born deaf, watch the moment as his cochlear implant is activated and he hears sound for the first time, and his mother’s voice.


Top 10 Military Powers in the World - Mười Quân đội hàng đầu thế giới

Top 10 Military Powers in the World - Mười Quân đội hàng đầu thế giới

According to one source, there has been peace on our earth for only 300 years out of thousands. Conflicts on some scale have been going on, for almost, forever, whether it is on religious basis, ethnic issues or resources. Simply put, were there is man, there is bound to be war. Although wars have been avoided pretty effectively in the modern world, a country still cannot do without a military force. Today we take a look at the 10 most potent military powers in the world.



No 1. USA
Annual Defense Budget $515,000,000,000
Military Personnel 1,385,000
Population reaching military age annually 4,266,128
Fighter Jets 22,700
Navy Ships 1,600
Purchasing power $13,780,000,000,000





No 2. China
Annual Defense Budget $59,000,000,000
Military Personnel 2,255,000
Population reaching military age annually 20,470,412
Fighter Jets 2,400
Navy Ships 760
Purchasing power $7,099,000,000,000




No 3. Russia
Annual Defense Budget $43,000,000,000
Military Personnel 1,245,000
Population reaching military age annually 1,602,673
Fighter Jets 6,500
Navy Ships 525
Purchasing power $2,097,000,000,000







No 4. India
Annual Defense Budget $33,000,000,000
Military Personnel 1,325,000
Population reaching military age annually 22,229,373
Fighter Jets 1,250
Navy Ships 145
Purchasing power $2,966,000,000,000




No 5. UK
Annual Defense Budget $53,000,000,000
Military Personnel 195,000
Population reaching military age annually 784,520
Fighter Jets 2,670
Navy Ships 140
Purchasing power $2,130,000,000,000





No 6. France
Annual Defense Budget $62,000,000,000
Military Personnel 225,000
Population reaching military age annually 783,788
Fighter Jets 1,900
Navy Ships 135
Purchasing power $2,075,000,000,000





No 7. Germany
Annual Defense Budget $46,000,000,000
Military Personnel 250,000
Population reaching military age annually 863,773
Fighter Jets 1,100
Navy Ships 130
Purchasing power $2,807,000,000,000




No 8. Brazil
Annual Defense Budget $24,000,000,000
Military Personnel 287,000
Population reaching military age annually 3,275,154
Fighter Jets 1,650
Navy Ships 90
Purchasing power $1,849,000,000,000





No 9. Japan
Annual Defense Budget $44,300,000,000
Military Personnel 378,000
Population reaching military age annually 1,212,321
Fighter Jets 2,700
Navy Ships 150
Purchasing power $4,272,000,000,000



No 10. Turkey
Annual Defense Budget $30,936,000,000
Military Personnel 514,000
Population reaching military age annually 1,298,979
Fighter Jets 1,530
Navy Ships 180
Purchasing power $853,900,000,000

Why Fingers Wrinkle in Water - Tại sao da nhăn khi ngâm nước


Wrinkled Fingers

Why Fingers Wrinkle in Water

Tại sao da nhăn khi ngâm nước

Today I found out why fingers wrinkle in water. For the quick answer, water washes away an oily substance that protects your skin. When that happens, a certain type of dead cell on your skin will absorb the water causing the cells to swell up, but the layer underneath does not. So the swelling, combined with the places the skin is connected underneath to the non-swelled layer, causes your finger tips to look all wrinkly.

Hôm nay tôi đã phát hiện ra lý do tại sao các ngón tay bị nhăn khi ngâm nước. Câu trả lời nhanh chóng cho điều đó là nước đã rửa sạch chất nhờn bảo vệ da của bạn. Khi điều đó xảy ra, một loại tế bào chết trên da của bạn sẽ hấp thụ nước khiến cho các tế bào đó phồng lên, nhưng các lớp bên dưới thì không hấp thụ nước. Do đó, sự phồng lên kết hợp các vị trí với da nối kết ở bên dưới với các lớp không thấm nước khiến các ngón tay của bạn trông có vẻ nhăn nheo.

So that’s the quick, generic answer. More technically, there is a waxy/oily substance your skin secretes from the sebaceous glands called “sebum”. In these glands, sebum is produced within special cells and is then secreted when these cells burst. This substance, among other benefits, has the dual effect of helping your skin and hair stay hydrated underneath, so it doesn’t get dry and cracked, while also helping to protect your skin from excess moisture from the outside. You will have probably noticed sebum at some point in your hair if you go a couple days without washing it. Your hair will start to feel very oily when you run your hands through it. When you are in water for extended periods, this sebum gets washed away from your skin and hair, removing this protective layer.

Như vậy đó là câu trả lời nhanh, tổng quát. Xét sâu về mặt kỹ thuật, thì có một chất sáp/dầu được tuyến bã của da tiết ra được gọi là “bã nhờn”. Trong các tuyến, bã nhờn được tạo ra bên trong các tế bào đặc biệt và nó được tiết ra khi các tế bào này bị vỡ. Ngoài những lợi ích khác, chất này có tác dụng đôi giúp cho da và tóc của bạn ngậm nước bên dưới, vì vậy da và tóc sẽ không bị khô và nứt, đồng thời cũng giúp bảo vệ da bạn khỏi độ ẩm cao qua mức từ bên ngoài. Bạn có thể nhận thấy bã nhờn tại một vài nơi trên tóc nếu bạn để vài ngày không gội đầu. Bạn sẽ cảm thấy tóc rất nhờn khi bạn lấy tay vuốt tóc. Khi bạn ở trong nước thời gian dài, bã nhờn này bị cuốn trôi khỏi da và tóc của bạn, lớp bảo vệ này sẽ bị loại bỏ.

Now you might be wondering why only your finger tips and toes get wrinkly and not the rest of your body (or at least not nearly as fast). The reason why is not 100% understood, but we do have a pretty good idea of what is going on here. The skin’s outermost layer, the epidermis, contains a protein called keratin. This protein helps strengthen your skin. Dead keratin cells also make up the epidermis’ surface layer, called the stratum corneum (Latin for ‘horny layer’, funny enough). So once all the protective sebum is washed away, these dead keratin cells absorb the water like a sponge and swell. This is why your skin is much easier to cut or break when it is waterlogged. The strong outer layer of dead keratin cells loses some of its toughness when waterlogged. The reason then that your toes and fingers get more wrinkly is that they contain a thicker layer of both living and dead keratin cells than the rest of your body. This causes them to swell more noticeably then the rest of your skin as the dead keratin cells absorb water.

Bây giờ có thể bạn đang tự hỏi tại sao chỉ có các ngón tay và ngón chân là bị nhăn mà không phải phần còn lại của cơ thể bạn (hoặc ít nhất là gần như không nhanh như thế). Lý do tại sao không được hiểu hết 100%, chúng tôi có một ý tưởng khá tốt cho những điều đang xảy ra ở đây. Lớp ngoài cùng của da hay lớp biểu bì có chứa một protein gọi là keratin. Protein này giúp da của bạn được khỏe mạnh. Các tế bảo biểu bì chứa keratin này chết tạo ra một lớp mặt được gọi là corneum (tiếng Lantinh có nghĩ là “lớp sừng”, ngộ chưa). Vì vậy một khi tất cả bã nhờn bảo vệ bị rửa trôi, tế bào keratin chết hấp thụ nước giống như một vật xốp và phồng lên. Điều này lý giải tại sao da của bạn dễ bị cắt hoặc rách khi nó ngấm nước. Các lớp sừng bên ngoài tế bào keratin chết bị mất đi sự dẻo dai khi bị ngấm nước. Lý do mà các ngón tay và ngón chân bị nhăn nheo nhiều hơn là do chúng nó chứa một lớp tế bào keratin chết và sống dày hơn các phần còn lại của cơ thể. Điều này làm cho chúng phồng lên rõ hơn so với phần còn lại của da bạn bởi vì các tế bào keratin chết hấp thụ nước.

The wrinkle effect occurs, rather than just general swelling, because the inner layer of living keratin cells stays more or less the same as it was before you were in the water, while the outer layer swells; the connections between these two layers stay closely bonded while the places not connected are free to swell, hence, the pruney fingers and toes.

Kết quả có các nếp nhăn thay vì chỉ có phồng lên là vì các lớp tế bào keratin sống ở lớp bên trong gần như giữ nguyên trạng như trước khi bạn ngâm nước, trong khi các tế bào bên ngoài thì lại phồng lên; những nối kết giữa hai lớp này vẫn còn gắn bó chặt chẽ trong khi những chỗ khác không có kết nối thì tự do phồng/trương lên, do đó được gọi là ngón tay/chân nhăn nước.

Translated by HỒ KIÊN PHÁT. Class Y2E Gr2




Prune fingers give us better grip in slippery situations

Long thought to be the effect of osmosis, scientists now think fingers wrinkle in the wet to give us better grip.

Human fingers go wrinkly in the bath to give us better grip in the wet, scientists have discovered, contradicting a widely held belief that osmosis is the cause.

Wet fingers and toes wrinkle after about five minutes in water but surgeons discovered nearly a century ago that cutting a certain finger nerve prevents wrinkling, suggesting that something other than osmosis was at work.

In a paper published in the journal Brain, Behaviour and Evolution, U.S. scientists report that “rather than being an accidental side effect of wetness, wet-induced wrinkles have been selected to enhance grip in wet conditions.”

The wrinkling creates a ‘tread’ similar to the tread on tyres designed for better road-grip under wet conditions, the paper said.

“We show that their morphology has the signature properties of drainage networks, enabling efficient removal of water from the gripped surface.”

In other words, the wrinkle patterns are designed to draw water away from the surface and improve grip.

“Moreover, of course, the fact that wet wrinkles happen nowhere else on the body except on the fingers and feet is consistent with this rain tread hypothesis,” the paper said.

Professor Maciej Henneberg, an expert in anthropological and comparative anatomy from the University of Adelaide and editor-in-chief of the Journal of Comparative Human Biology said wrinkling of fingers and toes is a human adaptation to life in water.

“Recently, various hypotheses relating human evolution to the life in water, mostly as wading or "grazing” in littoral areas, have been advanced by German, Belgian and Australian scholars,“ said Professor Henneberg, who was not involved in the finger wrinkle study.

“According to those hypotheses, our ancestors were what I call peri-aquatic — that is, spent a lot of time collecting foods along shores of seas, lakes and along riverbanks, often wading or immersing themselves partially in water. Littoral areas are rich in foods digestible for humans.”

Prune fingers give us better grip in slippery situations

Long thought to be the effect of osmosis, scientists now think fingers wrinkle in the wet to give us better grip.

Human fingers go wrinkly in the bath to give us better grip in the wet, scientists have discovered, contradicting a widely held belief that osmosis is the cause.

Wet fingers and toes wrinkle after about five minutes in water but surgeons discovered nearly a century ago that cutting a certain finger nerve prevents wrinkling, suggesting that something other than osmosis was at work.

In a paper published in the journal Brain, Behaviour and Evolution, U.S. scientists report that “rather than being an accidental side effect of wetness, wet-induced wrinkles have been selected to enhance grip in wet conditions.”

The wrinkling creates a ‘tread’ similar to the tread on tyres designed for better road-grip under wet conditions, the paper said.

“We show that their morphology has the signature properties of drainage networks, enabling efficient removal of water from the gripped surface.”

In other words, the wrinkle patterns are designed to draw water away from the surface and improve grip.

“Moreover, of course, the fact that wet wrinkles happen nowhere else on the body except on the fingers and feet is consistent with this rain tread hypothesis,” the paper said.

Professor Maciej Henneberg, an expert in anthropological and comparative anatomy from the University of Adelaide and editor-in-chief of the Journal of Comparative Human Biology said wrinkling of fingers and toes is a human adaptation to life in water.

“Recently, various hypotheses relating human evolution to the life in water, mostly as wading or "grazing” in littoral areas, have been advanced by German, Belgian and Australian scholars,“ said Professor Henneberg, who was not involved in the finger wrinkle study.

“According to those hypotheses, our ancestors were what I call peri-aquatic — that is, spent a lot of time collecting foods along shores of seas, lakes and along riverbanks, often wading or immersing themselves partially in water. Littoral areas are rich in foods digestible for humans.”